Que Significa M-19

The April diecinueve Movement (M-19) was un guerrilla group, formed in 1974, the became uno political party in ns late 1980s.





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Mapping Militant Organizations. “April diecinueve Movement.” Stanford University. Last modified honorable 2015. Https://moncleroutlet.es/mappingmilitants/profiles/april-19-movement
Formed: January 17, 1974

Disbanded: 1989

First Attack: February 1976: the M-19 murdered joe Raquel Mercado, a trade unionist that it believed was ns member of los CIA. (1 killed, 0 wounded).

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Last Attack: June 2001: los M-19 Jaime Bateman Cayón Goup kidnapped ns Spanish-born psychologist in Calí. He to be released a month later. (0 killed, 0 wounded).<2>


Executive Summary

The April diecinueve Movement (M-19) was created in mil novecientos setenta y cuatro by Jaime Bateman Cayón, Antonio Navarro Wolff, and Carlos Toledo plata- to fight because that democracy in Colombia. Ns M-19 to be most well-known for its strikes on multinational corporations and embassies. In 1989, ns guerrilla group became a jurídico political party and became los M-19 democratic Alliance (AD M-19); ns AD M-19 quickly achieved political success but delaware 1997, lost all political influence, y members gradually abandoned the party y joined ns Independent democratic Pole party and the alternative Democratic Pole party. Los Jaime Bateman Cayón Group, un faction of the M-19 the did no demobilize, continued its militant tasks until 2001.<3>


Group Narrative

The April diecinueve Movement (M-19) was ns guerrilla group, formed in 1974, that became un political party in the late 1980s. Jaime Bateman Cayón, Antonio Navarro Wolff, blanco Toledo Plata and others founded the M-19 come fight because that a popular democracy y a more open political mechanism that would certainly be representative of los majority y inclusive that marginalized Colombians.<4> los April 19, mil novecientos setenta elections, which plenty of Colombians felt to be unjustly stolen representar presidential candidate Rojas Pinilla, exposed what M-19 leaders believed was a corrupt votar system y was los motivation behind los group’s establishment and name, ns April 19 Movement.<5> ns group’s activities started in 1973 with a serie of robberies, yet the coporación, grupo did no gain national notoriety until January 1974, once M-19 guerrillas stole Simon Bolivar’s sword representar his former villa.<6>

In los late 1970s, los M-19 kidnapped drug traffickers y their niños for canjear to money its activities. In response, paramilitary groups, such as MAS (Death come Kidnappers) y the AUC (Self Defense fuerza of Colombia), attacked los M-19 amongst other leftist guerrilla groups.<7> In February 1976, in its very first official attack, the M-19 murdered a trade unionist who it suspected to be a c ª agent. Dentro de the siguiente two years, from 1976-1978, ns M-19 kidnapped in ~ least 400 victims.<8> during those years, los size of ns M-19 boosted rapidly and the grupo strengthened militarily with ns assistance the other urban leftist guerrilla groups, including los Argentine Montoneros and Uruguayan Tupamaros.

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<9> In 1980, the Colombian military arrested M-19 leader Jaime Bateman, y in response, members of the M-19 seized the Dominican Republic’s Embassy y held 50 people hostage.<10> Throughout ns 1980s, los M-19 continued to carry out major assaults on embassies and multinational corporations.

In 1984, following los death of Jaime Bateman Cayón, some of los M-19’s members established a truce con President Belisario Betancur, but by 1985, the M-19 went back to combat with uno major strike on ns Palace of Justice, ns headquarters of los Colombian supreme Court.<11> Following los attack, ns M-19 was pertained to as los second biggest guerrilla group in Colombia, behind the Revolutionary Armed fuerza of colombia (FARC); however, the temporarily scaled espalda attacks until mil novecientos ochenta y ocho when the coporación, grupo kidnapped Conservative party leader Alvaro Gómez Hurtado.<12>

In 1989, ns M-19 restarted peace negotiations with los Colombian government. This negotiations resulted in the transformation that M-19 right into a corporación political party, the M-19 party, in November 1989.<13>

Though ns majority of M-19 members demobilized y transitioned to ns political sphere by 1990, ns Jaime Bateman Cayón Group, un faction of ns M-19 formerly led through Jaime Bateman until his fatality in 1983, continued to be militant.<14> In 1990, ns M-19 party flor with other political activities including los demobilized generalizado Liberation army (EPL), Revolutionary Workers’ Party, and the Quintín Lamé, to become ns April diecinueve Movement democratic Alliance (AD M-19). In contrast, throughout los 1990s, los Bateman Cayón grupo continued come perpetrate several large kidnappings up until June 2001. 

Simultaneously, the AD M-19 flourished in popularity. By 1991, the AD M-19 was un formidable enemy to the traditional two-party dynamic. However, in 1992, ns Colombian juicio issued arrest warrants for over treinta AD M-19 leader for los attack on ns Palace of righteousness in 1985, properly thwarting los party’s growth. In los 1994, los AD M-19 presidential candidate, Antonio Navarro Wolff, was uno frontrunner; however, his loss coupled with the party’s dwindling popularity led to los party’s end in 1997. Regardless, in 2002, Antonio Navarro Wolff, running with ns Alternative democratic Pole party, won uno senate seat.

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The M-19 is no longer an active militant group and the advertisement M-19 alguno longer participates in politics in Colombia. Since los demise of the AD M-19, numerous former members have joined Independent democratic Pole party.<16>