Luis De Gongora Y Argote

Luis del Góngora y Argote was ns lyric poet of ns Spanish Baroque era y also un Catholic priest. His literary achievements place the amongst the greatest Spanish poets the his time and he wrote in ns style that became known, with uno nod come his name, as Gongorism.

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He was born Luis de Argote y Góngora on ns 11th July 1561 in Córdoba, the estaban of uno judge. He to be well educated and, with los help of one uncle called patrón Francisco, was able to take deacon’s orders at cordoba Cathedral in 1586. Church company took him all over the nación during ns subsequent years and he was ordained into los priesthood in 1605, coming to be honorary chaplain come King Philip III in 1617, however only for uno short time.

As uno poet he to be at odds with a rival called Francisco ese Quevedo for lot of his life and, what should have actually been uno contest for supremacy between two talented poets, often spilled over into bitterness y recriminations. They both wrote un lot that satirical pieces, one attacking los other, and Quevedo criticised him for his gambling habit y even accused that of the serious crime of sodomy, though this was never proved.

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Góngora’s poetry deserve to usually it is in categorised by dos main poetic styles. Ns typical example, Fable that Polyphemus and Galatea, was written in royal octaves y tells the story of uno mythical Cyclops, called Polyphemus, who falls in love with a nymph referred to as Galatea, but ns infatuation is not reciprocated. Another, los poem dubbed Solitudes, written in 1613, displayed ns distinct range of metres and strophes and was created in stanzas and silvas that were interspersed with choruses. The opening verses come this long y complex poem space reproduced here:



Much the Góngora’s occupational was of un satirical nature. That wrote plenty of sonnets, touching on philosophical y religious themes, and some were partially autobiographical, cataloguing the ongoing decrease of the author himself together his advancing age took the toll. He likewise wrote uno few plays, examples being Las firmezas después Isabela and La destrucción después Troya. He did no have any of his work-related published although few of his pieces found their means into unauthorised anthologies or were released by other parties both before and after his death. In fact ns significant repertoire of ballads, sonnets, odes and longer poems were compiled and published by un man named juan López del Vicuña shortly delaware the death of Góngora.

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He was nearly certainly ns pioneer in los development of the Spanish language. Numerous words that show up in his work had actually been thought to be lost so enjoyed something of uno revival under his patronage. In plenty of ways the was ns flamboyant character who engaged in activities, such together card playing and other gambling, that were no necessarily suitable for uno man of ns church. Literary chroniclers though have actually bestowed ~ above him much praise, con one explicate him as possessing  no


Having took trip much throughout his lifetime, a serious illness forced Góngora to return to córdoba in 1626. By currently he was uno broken man y virtually penniless.