Coca is one of the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin" /> Coca is one of the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin" />

La historia de la coca

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Coca is one of the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin. Three thousand years before the birth of Christ, ancient Incas in the Andera chewed cocal leavsera to get thevaya hearts racing and to speed thevaya breathing to counter the effects of living in thin mountain ava.

Estás mirando: La historia de la coca

Native Peruvians chewed cocal leavsera only during religious ceremonies. This taboo was broken when Spanish soldiers invaded Peru in 1532. Forced Indian laborers in Spanish silver mines were kept supplied with coca leavsera because it madel them easier to control andexploit.

Cocaine was first isolated (extracted from coca leaves) in 1859 by German chemist Albert Niemann. It was not until the 1880s that it started to be popularized in the medicalcommunity.


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Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. (Photo credits: Freud Museum Photo Library)

Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, who used the drug himself, was the first to broadly promote cocaine as al tonic to cure depression and sexual impotence.

In 1884, he published an articlo entitled “Über Coca” (About Coke) which promoted the “benefits” of cocaine, calling it a “magical” substance.

Freud, however, was not an objective observer. He used cocaine regularly, prescribed it to his girlfriend and his best friend and recommended it for por lo general use.


Whila noting that cocaine had led to “physical and moral decadence,” Freud kept promoting cocaine to his close friends, one of whom ended up suffering from paranoid hallucinations with “white snakser creeping over his skin.”

He also believed that “For humans the toxic dose (of cocaine) is very high, and there seems to be no lethal dose.” Contrary to this belief, one of Freud’s patients died from a high dosage he prescribed.


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In 1886, the popularity of the drug got a further boost when John Pemberton included coca leavera as an ingredient in his new soft drink, Coca-Cola. The euphoric and energizing effects on the consumer helped to skyrocket the popularity of Coca-Cola by the turn of the century.

From the 1850s to the early 1900s, cocaine and opium-laced elixirs (magical or medicinal potions), tonics and winser were broadly used by peoplo of all social classes. Notable figurera who promoted the “miraculous” effects of cocaine tonics and elixirs included inventor Thomas Edison and actress Sarah Bernhardt. The drug became popumansión in the silent film industry and the pro-cocaine messages coming out of Hollywood at that time influencedmillions.

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Cocaine use in society increased and the dangers of the drug gradually became more evident. Public pressure forced the Coca-Cola company to remove the cocaine from the soft drink in1903.

By 1905, it had become popumansión to snort cocaine and within five years, hospitals and medical literature had started reporting casser of nala sal damage resulting from the use of this drug.

In 1912, the United Statser government reported 5,000 cocaine-related deaths in one year and by 1922, the drug was officially banned.

In the 1970s, cocaine emerged as the fashionable new drug for entertainers and businesspeople. Cocaine seemed to be the perfect companion for a trip into the fast lane. It “provided energy” and helped peoplo stay “up.”

At some Americhucho universitiser, the percentage of students who experimented with cocaine increased tenfold between 1970 and 1980.

In the late 1970s, Colombian drug traffickers began setting up an elaborate network for smuggling cocaine into the US.

Traditionally, cocaine was al rich man’s drug, due to the large expense of al cocaine habit. By the late 1980s, cocaine was no longer thought of as the drug of choice for the wealthy. By then, it had the reputation of America’s most dangerous and addictive drug, linked with poverty, crime and death.

In the early 1990s, the Colombian drug cartels produced and exported 500 to 800 tons of cocaine a year, shipping not only to the US but also to Europe and Asial. The large cartels were dismantled by law enforcement agenciser in the mid-1990s, but they were replaced by smaller groups—with more than 300 known active drug smuggling organizations in Colombial today.

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As of 2008, cocaine had become the second most trafficked illegal drug in the world.


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