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LA HISTORIA DE LA COCA

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Coca is one of los oldest, most potent and most attention stimulants of naturalmente origin. Three thousand la edad before los birth the Christ, ancient Incas in ns Andes chewed coca cola leaves to get their hearts racing y to velocidad, velocidad their breathing to counter los effects of life in thin mountain air.

Estás mirando: La historia de la coca

Native Peruvians chewed coca cola leaves just during spiritual ceremonies. This taboo was broken when Spanish soldiers attacked Peru in 1532. Compelled Indian labor in Spanish silver mines were kept supplied with coca cola leaves since it do them easier to direccion andexploit.

Cocaine was first isolated (extracted from coca cola leaves) in 1859 by alemán chemist Albert Niemann. The was no until ns 1880s the it started to it is in popularized in los medicalcommunity.


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austriaco psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. (Photo credits: Freud museo Photo Library)

Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, that used the drug himself, was los first to extensively promote cocaine as uno tonic come cure depression and sexual impotence.

In 1884, he published an write-up entitled “Über Coca” (About Coke) which promoted the “benefits” the cocaine, call it un “magical” substance.

Freud, however, was no an objective observer. He supplied cocaine regularly, prescribed it to his girlfriend y his finest friend and recommended the for visión de conjunto use.


While noting that cocaine had led come “physical and moral decadence,” Freud kept promoting cocaine to his close friends, one of whom finished up suffering representar paranoid hallucinations con “white snakes creeping over his skin.”

He likewise believed that “For humans the toxic sheep (of cocaine) is an extremely high, and there appears to be alguno lethal dose.” contrary to this belief, one of Freud’s patients died from a high dosage he prescribed.


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In 1886, the popularity of ns drug got a further an increase when john Pemberton included cambio de claves leaves as an ingredient in his new soft drink, Coca-Cola. Ns euphoric and energizing effects on ns consumer helped to skyrocket los popularity the Coca-Cola by ns turn of ns century.

From ns 1850s to los early 1900s, cocaine and opium-laced elixirs (magical or medicinal potions), tonics and wines were generally used by civilization of all sociedad classes. Sobre todo figures that promoted ns “miraculous” effects of cocaine tonics y elixirs had inventor thomas Edison y actress sarah Bernhardt. Ns drug became extendido in the silent film industry and the pro-cocaine message coming el fin of Hollywood at that tiempo influencedmillions.

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Cocaine use in society increased y the risks of ns drug progressively became much more evident. Public push forced ns Coca-Cola la empresa to remove los cocaine from the soft drink in1903.

By 1905, it had actually become popular to snort cocaine y within 5 years, hospitals y medical literature had actually started reporting instances of nasal damages resulting from the use of this drug.

In 1912, the United condiciones government report 5,000 cocaine-related deaths in one year y by 1922, the drug to be officially banned.

In los 1970s, cocaine emerged as ns fashionable new drug because that entertainers and businesspeople. Cocaine appeared to be the perfect companion for ns trip right into the fast lane. That “provided energy” and helped human being stay “up.”

At some americano universities, ns percentage of students who experimented con cocaine boosted tenfold between mil novecientos setenta and 1980.

In ns late 1970s, Colombian drug traffickers began setup up sophisticated network because that smuggling cocaine into ns US.

Traditionally, cocaine was a rich male drug, due to ns large cost of ns cocaine habit. By los late 1980s, cocaine was alguna longer assumed of as the drug of choice for the wealthy. By then, that had los reputation the America’s many dangerous y addictive drug, linked con poverty, crime and death.

In ns early 1990s, los Colombian drug cartels produced and exported quinientos to ochocientos tons of cocaine un year, shipping not only to los US but likewise to Europe y Asia. The large cartels were dismantled by regulation enforcement agencies in ns mid-1990s, however they were replaced by smaller sized groups—with much more than trescientos known energetic drug smuggling institutions in colombia today.

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As the 2008, cocaine had actually become ns second most trafficked illegal drug in the world.