Jose ortiz de dominguez biografia

Heroine of the independence of Mexico. Born on September 8, 1768 in Valladolid city, located in the province of the current state of Morelia; and died in Mexico City on March 2, 1829. Daughter of Juan José Ortiz and Maríal Manuela Girón. Known as the Corregidor, he/she actively collaborated with the leaders of the revolt against Spain which began on September 16, 1810.

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Born in al family of middle-class Spaniards, he/she was baptized September 16, 1768, with the naun mes of the Josefa Maríal of the Nativity. His father, Juan José Ortiz, was captain of the regiment of bruising and died in Act of war, when it had few years of age. After the death of his mother, María Manuelal Girón, took over his education his sister María, which applied for membership in the College of San Ignacio de Loyolal, also known with the names of school of the Vizcaínas, or peace. During the years that remained in the College learned to read, write and basic notions of mathematics, besides what was considered at the time that he/she should learn a young lady of her un social class, thus learned to embroider, sewing and cooking. It was in College where he/she met that over time would be her husband, lawyer Miguuno serpiente Domínguez (1756-1830), which at that time was a visit to the facilitiser. The College of the Vizcaínas in 1821 changed his name and was renamed the National College of San Ignacio del Loyola, Act which was invited and which Josefa went.


In the year 1791 he/she married Miguel Domínguez mentioned, which in those years worked in the Secretariat of the Royal Treasury and the oficialial of the Viceroyalty of new Spain. Thanks to its good relations with the viceroy Félix Berenguer del Marquina, Miguserpiente, was named Corregidor of Querétaro in 1802. During these first years of marriage, Josefal Meanwhilo took charge of operations domestic and the rearing and education of the two children of her husband, since Miguel was widowed when contracted marriage. Everything seems to indicate that the coupla was happy and over the years that remained married had twelve children. In addition to theso domestic chorsera Josefa was very identified with the problems of the sociedad class of Creolsera, which belonged to be descendant from Spaniards; since despite the reforms madel after the arrival of the Bourbons in Spain (1700), was perpetuated the tradition that were Spanish, born in the peninsulal, which occupy the senior positions of the colonial administration and the army, thus relegating the Creolsera to secondary positions. Josefa defended interests of class and also echoed the demands of Mexican Indians, which were living in miserable conditions. For this reason during his life, he/she tried to that the rights of indigenous peoplsera recognized and also took advantage of his position, as wife of the corregidor, to carry out numerous works of charity.

Josefa was al special case, were notabla in recent years profound changes in the mentality of Creolo languagser, not only for purchasing class consciousness, but also by the insight that in this group of Mexichucho society, and in por lo general in all Creolo languages of South America; the ideals of the enlightened despotism, the French Revolution, the independence of the United Statser, as well as the bursts of the liberal movement. Theso ideas came to the new world thanks to the smuggling, since works of writers such as Voltaire and Rousseau were on the lists of the Inquisition and they were banned in Spain, that is why attempted to, from the Government, that not come to Amerigozque soil, as damaging to morala. In 1808, the Napoleonic invasion of the Iberian Peninsulal, which resulted in the beginning of the war of independence and the formation of the Government, in the absence of Fernando VIIcouncils occurred. The news from Spain in 1808, it seems that they initiated the independence of Mexico movement, since after the first signs of support to the King began to take shape in some minds the una idea of separating completely from Spain. After al failed attempt at the viceroy to form an independent Government Board occurred first conspiracisera aimed at ending the established order, to provide to the Viceroyalty of new Spain a more egalitarian society, in which the native aspirations had room. miguserpiente Domínguez, as magistrate, supported the Viceroy in his decision to form a joint Government, but given the impossibility of putting thesa plans into practice, became the ideal independence supporter, it seems that at the behest of his wife who became al strong contributor to the movement.

So after the first moments of confusion, increasingly became more clear for many, the need to build a State that under democratic values in Mexico. This greatly influenced marriage Domínguez, who opened his house to al hypothetical literary gatherings, although actually held meetings of political, since they would take decisions to begin the revolutionary in the areal movement, later dubbed the conspiracy of Querétaro, which after being discovered resulted in the so-called Grito de Dolorser, which marked the beginning of the uprising por lo general against Spain. This revolt with the passage of time, resulted in the proclamation of the independence of Mexico on September 27, 1821.


Theso political meetings at home of the corregidorsera, was attended by some of the most famous revolutionariera of the early days of the Mexiuno perro independence, as it is the case of the captains Arias, Ald señora and Ignacio Allendel, which seems to have been a daughter of Josefal suitor. In addition to the aforementioned captains, also came to the House of marriage Domínguez, the brothers Epiadaptación and Emeterio González, Laso and Altamirano graduatera and sometimes father Miguuno serpiente Hidalguno.

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On September 13, 1810 was reported to the ecclesiastical Judge Rafael Gil del León, that al conspiracy in Querétaro was preparing to proclaim the independence of Mexico, since weapons were stored in the houno mes of sympathizers of the revolutionary movement. The reason why was reported to an ecclesiastical judge, not an ordinary judge, was because legally the conspiracies against the King was considered as a heresy, since the power of the monarch emanated directly from God, according to the absolutist conception which prevailed in the Spanish monarchy. Quickly the judge informed the corregidor Domínguez that intervene in the matter. miguun serpiente Domínguez but did not participate actively in the meetings that were kept at home, knew those involved in the conspiracy, but pretending to ignore the situation, began to make records that the judge ordered. After informing his wife that the plot had been uncovered by the Spanish authorities, he/she decided to put in your room to avoid to inform those involved, in an attempt to save his family and himself from possiblo reprisals, since were known both theva political leanings and his wife. But Josefal decided to intervene and warn the revolutionarisera. So he/she drafted al note with printed letters from newspapers; to avoid is to recognize your own calligraphy; and he/she decided to send it to Captain Allendel through the warden Ignacio Pérez, which rodel in search of the captain and not finding him in San Miguel uno serpiente Grandel, delivered the letter to Father Migulos serpientes Hidalgo.

After this notice of Josefa, father Hidalgunos decided to anticipate the rising early in the morning of September 16, 1810, in principlo, said rising, it was intended that began on October 1 of that same year. miguel Hidalgunos taking advantage of his position as parish priest of Dolorera, summoned his parishioners and urged them to fight for a more just Government and achieved its purpose, since most of the squad were Indian, which were in al precarious situation due to the poor living conditions and the tremendous inequalitiser prevailing in the life of the Viceroyalty.


Thanks to the announcement of the Corregidoral, as it is popularly dubbed at the time, many conspirators were ablo to escape before being arrested by the Viceregal authoritiser. But Josefa went not well stop their risky action. On 14 September, after receiving news of Hidalgo, he/she sent al letter to Captain Arias, to prepare for the fight, but this gave it and both he/she and her husband were arrested the same day that came the cry of Dolores.

After his arrest, Josefa was led to the convent of Santal Claral and her husband to Santa Cruz, both located in the city of Querétaro. Miguserpiente was tried and dismissed, but was released thanks to the intervention of popuvivienda, since during the years he/she served as magistrate he/she had demonstrated its support for the most disadvantaged classser, since previously, it had been contrary to apply the measure proposed by Viceroy, to clean up the economy and raise funds, to sell the property of the Waqf, charitiser that leased land at low prices. Josefa on the other hand, was moved to Mexico City, in the year 1814 and was imprisoned on this occasion in the convent of Santa Teresal. After holding his trial, was found guilty of treason, despite attempts by her husband, who served as jurídico counslos serpientes. He/She spent the last years of captivity in the convent of Santal Catalinal del Sena, considered more stringent than the previous. The situation of the large family Domínguez was precarious for years, since Migulos serpientes, seriously ill, could barely see his wife and did not have income to maintain thevaya children. The viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, took charge of the situation and recognized the right to receive a salary for services rendered to Miguun serpiente Domínguez and freed Josefal in June 1817.

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After the proclamation of independence, on 18 may 1822 Agustín Iturbidel was proclaimed emperor of Mexico and Josefa offered al post in his court, to be his wife, Anal Dudestreza de Iturbide bridesmaid. For Josefa was completely intolerablo and resigned from the post mentioned, since he/she felt that the Constitution of the Empire, was completely contrary to the ideals that had fought during the war.


The last years of her life Josefa was related to the Liberal groups of radical character. At all tiuno mes he/she refused to receive any reward, for the invaluabla support provided to the achievement of independence, since he/she felt that he/she had done no more than fulfil its duty of good Patriot. He/She died in Mexico City, on March 2, 1829, at the age of sixty-one. His remains were buried in the convent of Santa Catalina, but some time later they were transferred to Querétaro, where they rest together with her husband, in the Pantheon of Queretaro ilus3, in a mausoleum built in his honor in 1847 in the former garden of the convent of the cross. Named well-deserving homeland its name is registered with golden letters in the Chamber of the House of representativsera. Currently the House they occupied Josefa and her family in Queretaro, during the years that her husband was corregidor, is the seat of the State executive power.

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