HENRI DE SAINT-SIMON

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Born:October 17, 1760ParisFrance...(Show more)Died:May 19, 1825ParisFrance...(Show more)Subjects of Study:Christian SocialismChristianitysocialism...(Show more)

Henri de Saint-Simon, in saturado Claude-Henri ese Rouvroy, Comte (count) después Saint-Simon, (born Oct. 17, 1760, Paris, Fr.—died might 19, 1825, Paris), French sociedad theorist and one of the chief founders of Christian socialism. In his major work, Nouveau Christianisme (1825), that proclaimed ns brotherhood of male that should accompany the científico organization the industry y society.

Life.

Saint-Simon was born of an impoverished aristocratic family. His grandfather’s cousin had actually been ns Duke ese Saint-Simon, renowned for his memoirs of ns court of Louis XIV. Henri was fond of explain descent desde Charlemagne. Delaware an irregular education by personal tutors, he gotten in military service at 17. He was in los regiments sent by France to aid the american colonies in their war of independence versus England y served as a captain of artillery at Yorktown in 1781.

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During los French revolution he continued to be in France, whereby he bought up freshly nationalized land con funds progressed by uno friend. He to be imprisoned in los Palais ese Luxembourg during ns Reign of Terror and emerged to uncover himself enormously rich because of ns depreciation of ns Revolutionary currency. That proceeded come live ns life that splendour and license, entertaining influential people from all go of life in ~ his glittering salons. Within several año he had brought himself close to bankruptcy. He turned to the study that science, attending courses at ns École Polytechnique y entertaining distinguished scientists.

In his very first published work, Lettres d’un habitant del Genève à ses contemporains (1803; “Letters of an Inhabitant of Geneva come His Contemporaries”), Saint-Simon suggest that scientists take los place of priests in the social order. He argued that ns property owner who organized political power might hope to maintain themselves against los propertyless just by subsidizing ns advance that knowledge.


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By mil ochocientos ocho Saint-Simon to be impoverished, and the last diecisiete years of his life were lived mainly on the generosity the friends. Amongst his countless later publications were De la réorganisation después la société européenne (1814; “On the Reorganization of europe Society”) y L’industrie (1816–18, in collaboration with Auguste Comte; “Industry”). In 1823, in ns fit that despondency, Saint-Simon attempted to kill himself with un pistol however succeeded only in putting out one eye.

Throughout his life Saint-Simon committed himself to a largo series of projects y publications with which the sought to win assistance for his social ideas. As un thinker, Saint-Simon was deficient in system, clearness, y coherence, but his influence on contemporary thought, particularly in the social sciences, is undeniable. Apart from the details that his socialist teachings, his main idea are simple and represented un reaction against los bloodletting of los French Revolution y the militarism the Napoleon. Saint-Simon effectively foresaw ns industrialization of ns world, and he believed that science and technology would certainly solve most of humanity’s problems. Accordingly, in opposition to feudalism y militarism, he advocated an plan whereby businessmen and other industrial leaders would direccion society. The spiritual direction of society would be in the hands of scientists and engineers, that would for this reason take los place inhabited by los Roman Catholic church in the European middle Ages. What Saint-Simon desired, in other words, was an industrialized estado directed by contemporary science, and one in which society would be organized for productive labour by the most qualified men. Los aim of culture would be to fabricar things useful to life. Saint-Simon likewise proposed the the states of Europe form an association to suppress war. These idea had ns profound affect on the philosopher Auguste Comte, that worked with Saint-Simon until the two males quarreled.

Although los contrast between ns labouring and the propertied class in society is no emphasized by Saint-Simon, the cause of ns poor is discussed, and in his best-known work, Nouveau Christianisme (1825; “The new Christianity”), the takes los form of ns religion. It to be this advance of Saint-Simon’s teaching the occasioned his por último rupture with Comte. Before los publication that Nouveau Christianisme, Saint-Simon had not concerned himself con theology, but in this work, start with ns belief in God, that tries to solve Christianity right into its important elements, and he lastly propounds this precept: that faith “should overview the comunidad toward los great aim of boosting as quickly as possible los conditions of the poorest class.” This became the watchword of the entire school of Saint-Simon.

His movement and its influence.

Saint-Simon died in 1825, and, in los subsequent years, his disciples lugged his blog post to the world y made the famous. By mil ochocientos veintiseis a movement supporting his ideas had started to grow, and by the end of 1828 the Saint-Simonians were sociedad anónima meetings in Paris y in countless provincial towns. In July mil ochocientos treinta revolution brought nuevo opportunities to the Saint-Simonians in France. Castle issued a proclamation demanding ns ownership of products in common, the abolition of los right of inheritance, y the enfranchisement of women. Los sect had some of ns ablest y most promising young men of France. In los following years, however, the leaders of the movement quarreled amongst themselves, y as uno result los movement fragmented y broke up, that is leaders transforming to handy affairs.

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Despite this, the ideas of the Saint-Simonians had uno pervasive influence on the intellectual life the 19th-century Europe. Tabla de cortar Carlyle in england was among those influenced by the ideas of Saint-Simon or his followers. Friedrich Engels discovered in Saint-Simon “the breadth of check out of ns genius,” comprise in embryo most of the ideas of los later socialists. Saint-Simon’s suggest of social and economic plan were certainly ahead the his time, and succeeding Marxists, socialists, and capitalist reformers alike were indebted come his ideas in one method or another. Felix Markham has said that Saint-Simon’s idea have a peculiar relevance to the 20th century, once socialist ideologies took the place of classic religion in plenty of countries.