Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger


Erwin Schrödinger was born on honorable 12, 1887, in Vienna, ns only son of rudolf Schrödinger, that was married to ns daughter of alexander Bauer, his Professor the Chemistry at los Technical college of Vienna.

Erwin’s dad came desde a Bavarian family members which generations before had resolved in Vienna. He was ns highly gifted man with ns broad education. Delaware having finished his chemistry studies, he devoted himself for año to italiano painting. After this he take it up botany, which brought about a serie of documents on tree phylogeny.

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Schrödinger’s amplio interests dated representar his school years at los Gymnasium, wherein he not only had uno liking because that the scientific disciplines, but also appreciated ns severe logic of ancient grammar y the beauty beauty of german poetry. (What he abhorred was memorizing of data y learning desde books.)

From mil novecientos seis to mil novecientos diez he was ns student at los University the Vienna, during which hora he come under ns strong influence of Fritz Hasenöhrl, who was Boltzmann’s successor. It remained in these año that Schrödinger acquired un mastery the eigenvalue problems in los physics of constant media, for this reason laying ns foundation for his future good work. Hereafter, as assistant come Franz Exner, he, together con his friend K. W. F. Kohlrausch, carried out practical job-related for student (without himself, together he said, finding out what exploring was). During los First mundo War he offered as an artillery officer.

In mil novecientos veinte he took up an scholastic position as assistant come Max Wien, adhered to by positions at Stuttgart (extraordinary professor), Breslau (ordinary professor), y at the University the Zurich (replacing de Laue) where he cleared up for six years. In later la edad Schrödinger looked back to his Zurich period con great satisfied – it was below that he took pleasure in so much ns contact and friendship of many of his colleagues, among whom to be Hermann Weyl y Peter Debye. The was also his many fruitful period, being proactively engaged in ns variety of topics of theoretical physics. His papers at that tiempo dealt con specific heats that solids, con problems that thermodynamics (he was substantially interested in Boltzmann’s probability theory) y of atomic spectra; in addition, that indulged in physiological research studies of colour (as a result that his contacts with Kohlrausch y Exner, and of Helmholtz’s lectures). His great discovery, Schrödinger’s tide equation, to be made in ~ the fin of this epoch-during the first half of 1926.

It come as ns result of his discontent with ns quantum problem in Bohr’s orbit theory and his id that atom spectra have to really be established by some kind of eigenvalue problem. Because that this work-related he shared with Dirac los Nobel Prize for 1933.

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In mil novecientos veintisiete Schrödinger moved to berlin as Planck’s successor. Germany’s capital was then un centre that great científico activity and he enthusiastically took part in ns weekly colloquies amongst colleagues, many of whom “exceeding that in age and reputation”. With Hitler’s coming to power (1933), however, Schrödinger determined he can not proceed in Germany. He came to England y for uno while held ns fellowship in ~ Oxford. In mil novecientos treinta y cuatro he was invite to lecture in ~ Princeton University y was offered ns permanent place there, but did not accept. In mil novecientos treinta y seis he to be offered ns position at university of Graz, which he accepted only after much deliberation y because his longing for his native país outweighed his caution. With the annexation of austria in 1938, that was instantly in an obstacle because his leaving Germany in mil novecientos treinta y tres was required to be one unfriendly act. Soon afterwards he managed to escape come Italy, from where that proceeded come Oxford and then to university of Ghent. Delaware a brief stay he relocated to ns newly created academia for advanced Studies in Dublin, whereby he became directivo of the School for Theoretical Physics. He stayed in Dublin till his retirement in 1955.

every this tiempo Schrödinger continued his research y published many papers on uno variety of topics, including the problem of unifying gravitation and electromagnetism, i m sorry also took in Einstein y which is quiet unsolved; (he was also ns author of the well-known little book “What is Life?”, 1944). He remained greatly interested in the foundations of atomic physics. Schrödinger disliked ns generally accepted doble description in regards to waves y particles, with ns statistical translate for the waves, y tried to set up uno theory in terms of waves only. This led him right into controversy with other leading physicists.

delaware his retirement he went back to an honoured place in Vienna. He passed away on ns 4th the January, 1961, after a largo illness, endured by his faithful companion, Annemarie Bertel, who he married in 1920.

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desde Nobel Lectures, Physics 1922-1941, Elsevier publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1965


This autobiography/biography was composed at los time of the award and first published in the book series ellos Prix Nobel. The was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always estado the resource as presented above.

To point out this section MLA style: Erwin Schrödinger – Biographical. Nobel compensation Outreach abdominal 2021. Sun. Veintinueve Aug 2021.