De donde es bob marley

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Born:February 6, 1945Jamaica...(Show more)Died:May 11, 1981MiamiFlorida...(Show more)Awards and Honors:Grammy AwardRock and Roll room of Fame and Museum (1994)...(Show more)

Bob Marley was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who distillation of early ska, piedra steady, and reggae música forms blossomed in los 1970s into an electrifying rock-influenced hybrid the made that an international superstar.


Bob Marley formed ns vocal grupo with girlfriend in Trench Town that would later on be recognized as Peter Tosh y Bunny Wailer. The trio called itself ns Wailers (because, together Marley stated, “We started fuera crying”).


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Bob Marley, in completamente Robert Nesta Marley, (born February 6, 1945, ripe Miles, St. Ann, Jamaica—died might 11, 1981, Miami, Florida, U.S.), Jamaican singer-songwriter whose thoughtful ongoing distillation of at an early stage ska, roca steady, and reggae música forms blossomed in ns 1970s into an electrifying rock-influenced hybrid the made that an internacional superstar.

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Marley—whose parents to be Norval Sinclair Marley, ns white campo overseer, and the former Cedella Malcolm, los Black daughter the a local custos (respected woodland squire)—would forever remain los unique product that parallel worlds. His poetic worldview was shaped by the countryside, his música by the tough West Kingston ghetto streets. Marley’s maternal grand was no just a prosperous farmer but additionally a arbusto doctor adept at the mysticism-steeped natural healing that guarantee respect in Jamaica’s far hill country. As un child, Marley was well-known for his embarrassy aloofness, his startle stare, y his penchant because that palm reading. Practically kidnapped by his absentee father (who had been disinherited by his very own prominent family members for marrying a Black woman), los preadolescent Marley was taken to live con an elderly mrs in Kingston until uno family girlfriend rediscovered los boy through chance and returned the to ripe Miles.

By his at an early stage teens Marley was regreso in West Kingston, living in un government-subsidized tenement in Trench Town, un desperately poor slum often contrasted to an open sewer. In ns early 1960s, while a schoolboy serving an apprenticeship as un welder (along con fellow aspiring singer Desmond Dekker), Marley to be exposed to the languid jazz-infected shuffle-beat rhythms the ska, ns Jamaican amalgam of americano rhythm and blues and native mento (folk-calypso) strains then catching on commercially. Marley was ns fan of fats Domino, the Moonglows, and pop singer Ricky Nelson, but, when his big chance came in mil novecientos sesenta y uno to record with producer Leslie Kong, he cut “Judge Not,” ns peppy ballad he had written based on campo maxims learned from his grandfather. Among his other early tracks was “One cup of Coffee” (a rendition of a mil novecientos sesenta y uno hit by Texas country crooner Claude Gray), authorize in mil novecientos sesenta y tres in inglaterra on kris Blackwell’s Anglo-Jamaican isla Records label.

Marley also formed un vocal group in Trench Town with friends who would later be well-known as Peter Tosh (original name Winston hobtration MacIntosh) and Bunny Wailer (original name Neville O’Reilly Livingston). The trio, which called itself ns Wailers (because, together Marley stated, “We started fuera de crying”), received vocal coaching by provided singer artículo Higgs. Later they were joined through vocalist small Braithwaite and backup singers Beverly Kelso and Cherry Green.


In December 1963 the Wailers entered Coxsone Dodd’s studio One facilities to cut “Simmer Down,” a song by Marley the he had actually used come win uno talent dispute in Kingston. Unlike the playful mento música that drifted from the porches of localidades tourist hotels or the pop y rhythm y blues filtering right into Jamaica from american radio stations, “Simmer Down” to be an immediate anthem desde the shantytown precincts of ns Kingston underclass. Un huge overnight smash, that played crucial role in recasting los agenda because that stardom in Jamaican music circles. Alguno longer go one have to parrot los stylings of abroad entertainers; it was feasible to write raw, uncompromising song for and about los disenfranchised human being of the West Indian slums.

This bold localización transformed both Marley and his isla nation, engendering ns urban negative with ns pride that would certainly become ns pronounced source of identification (and a catalyst because that class-related tension) in Jamaican culture—as would ns Wailers’ Rastafarian faith, un creed generalizado among ns impoverished human being of the Caribbean, that worshiped los late Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie me gustaría as the African redeemer foretold in popular quasi-biblical prophecy. Los Wailers did well in Jamaica during los mid-1960s with their ska records, even during Marley’s sojourn come Delaware in 1966 to visit his relocated mother and find temporary work. Reggae cosa created in 1969–71 con producer leer Perry increased ns contemporary stature of los Wailers; and, once they signed in 1972 with the (by the time) internacional label Island y released Catch uno Fire (the first reggae album conceived as more than uno mere singles compilation), their uniquely rock-contoured reggae gained un global audience. It also earned the charismatic Marley superstar status, which slowly led to ns dissolution of ns original triumvirate around early 1974. Although Peter Tosh would enjoy a distinguished solamente career prior to his murder in 1987, plenty of of his best solo albums (such together Equal Rights <1977>) were underappreciated, together was rabbit Wailer’s excellent solo album Blackheart Man (1976).

Eric Clapton’s variation of los Wailers’ “I Shot los Sheriff” in mil novecientos setenta y cuatro spread Marley’s fame. Meanwhile, Marley continued to guide los skilled Wailers band through a series of potent, subject albums. Through this señalar Marley also was backed by ns trio of woman vocalists that contained his wife, Rita; she, like plenty of of Marley’s children, later on experienced her own recording success. Special eloquent songs choose “No Woman alguna Cry,” “Exodus,” “Could You be Loved,” “Coming in desde the Cold,” “Jamming”, y “Redemption Song,” Marley’s landmark albums contained Natty Dread (1974), Live! (1975), Rastaman Vibration (1976), Exodus (1977), Kaya (1978), Uprising (1980), y the posthumous Confrontation (1983). Exploding in Marley’s reedy tenor, his songs to be public expression of empleado truths—eloquent in their unusual mesh the rhythm y blues, rock, and venturesome reggae forms y electrifying in their narrative might. Making music that transcended all its stylistic roots, Marley fashioned an impassioned human body of occupational that was sui generis.

He also loomed huge as ns political figure and in mil novecientos setenta y seis survived what was believed to have actually been uno politically encouraged assassination attempt. Marley’s attempt to broker un truce between Jamaica’s warring politics factions led in April 1978 to his headlining ns “One Love” peace concert. His sociopolitical clout also earned that an invite to execute in mil novecientos ochenta at ns ceremonies celebrating majority rule y internationally recognized self-reliance for Zimbabwe. In April 1981, los Jamaican government awarded Marley ns Order the Merit. Uno month later he passed away of cancer.

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Although his songs were part of los best-liked y most critically acclaimed música in the popular canon, Marley to be far an ext renowned in fatality than that had remained in life. Legend (1984), uno retrospective of his work, became los best-selling reggae album ever, with international sales of more than 12 million copies.