Ignacio Seguín Zaragoza, mexico general and hero of cinco de Mayo, was born on march 24, 1829, at solo del el espíritu Santo (see LA BAHÍA) in the state of Coahuila y Texas, near existing Goliad, Texas. He was the second son of miguel G. Zaragoza of Veracruz, Mexico, and María de Jesús Seguín that Bexar, who was a relative of Juan artículo Erasmo Seguín. Con Mexico"s loss in los Texas Revolution, michael Zaragoza, an infantryman, relocated his family desde Goliad come Matamoros, wherein Ignacio attended ns school of smo Juan. Ns elder Zaragoza was transferred to monterey in 1844, and Ignacio entered uno seminary there. By mil ochocientos cuarenta y seis he realized the he did not have ns strong vocation and left. When los United estados invaded Mexico, that volunteered to offer as uno cadet in ns Mexican army but was rejected. The entered los mercantile business for un short time, and in mil ochocientos cincuenta y tres he joined the militia that Nuevo León with ns rank of sergeant. Once his regiment was integrated into ns Mexican army, he was promoted to captain.

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During the 1850s Zaragoza face with ns liberal efectivo favoring los Plan ese Ayutla, Mexico"s an initial serious initiative to establish un democratic and constitutional government. He took part in the battles that Saltillo y Monterrey against los armies that Antonio López del Santa Anna. On January 21, 1857, while on crucial army assignment in San luis Potosí, Zaragoza was unable to attend his own marriage to Rafaela Padilla in Monterrey, therefore his brother, Miguel, served as his proxy. Zaragoza and his wife had 4 children, tres of whom died in infancy. During the years of the War of ns Reform (1857–60), the struggle between conservative powers y liberal forces led by benito Juárez, Zaragoza took component in uno number of army engagements. During Comonfort"s rebellion in mil ochocientos cincuenta y siete he led fuerza in defense of los reformist values of the constitution. He combated in los battle of Guadalajara, y in 1860 he participated in ns battle of Calpulalpan, i beg your pardon ended ns war.

In April 1861 Juárez appointed Zaragoza minister the war and navy in the parliamentary ministry. Tres months later Juárez declared uno two-year moratorium top top Mexico"s european debts, y in December ns fleet that Spanish ships forced ns surrender the Veracruz; quickly thereafter the efectivo of France and England joined the Spanish. Zaragoza resigned desde the ministry come lead the Army of the East, and in February 1862, uno month after his wife"s death in Mexico City, he started work on ns defenses of Puebla. Early on in mil ochocientos sesenta y dos the English and Spanish withdrew; French efectivo attacked Puebla in a battle that lasted los entire día of may 5, 1862, ns now-famed año de Mayo. Zaragoza"s well-armed, well-trained men forced ns withdrawal of the French troops desde Puebla come Orizaba. Ns number that French reported killed ranged from cuatrocientos setenta y seis to 1,000, although many of ns troops were currently ill representar their remain in ns coastal lowlands. Mexican losses were reported come be about eighty-six. Although the French recorded Mexico city the next summer, ns costly demora at Puebla is thought to have shortened los French intervention in Mexico and changed the outcome, since ns French to be planning to aid Confederate efectivo in Texas throughout the cortés War. In addition, the battle rekindled the spirit of ns Mexican civilization to win and preserve your independence.

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In mid-August Zaragoza saw Mexico City, whereby he was feted as un hero. Once he returned to his troops in Puebla he came to be ill con typhoid fever y died over there on September 8, 1862. A state entierro was held in Mexico city with funeral at los Panteón ese San Fernando. On September 11, 1862, president Juárez issued uno decree changing the name the the ciudad of Puebla de los Angeles come Puebla del Zaragoza and making cinco de poder a national holiday. Zaragoza came to be one of ns great país heroes that Mexico. Songs have been composed in his honor, y schools, plazas, and streets have been named either Zaragoza or cinco de Mayo. Yearly on might 5, Zaragoza societies fulfill throughout Mexico and in uno number that Texas communities (see partido PATRIAS). In los 1960s visión de conjunto Zaragoza estado Historic website was established near Goliad to commemorate Zaragoza"s birthplace. In mil novecientos ochenta dignitaries from the flor States, Texas, y Mexico participated in los dedication of uno ten-foot bronze statue honoring Zaragoza, i was delegated by Alfredo Toxqui Fernández del Lara, rama of Puebla, as ns gift to the people that Goliad and Texas. The statue was placed in Goliad state Historical Park.

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Rodolfo Arroyo Llano, Ygnacio Zaragoza, defensor ese la libertad y la justicia (Monterrey, Nuevo León, 1962). Federico Berrueto Ramón, Ignacio Zaragoza (México, D.F.: Secretaría del Educación Pública, Subsecretaría de asuntos Culturales, 1966). Williams Colín Sánchez, Ignacio Zaragoza: Evocación del un héroe (México, D.F.: Editorial Porrúa, 1963). Ricardo Covarrubias, Anales después la vida de C. General ese División atraer Ignacio Zaragoza (Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico, 1962). Ignacio Zaragoza, Cartas y documentos (Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1962). Ignacio Zaragoza, gana y muerte, 1862 (Mexico City: camino apartado Revolucionario Institucional, 1976).

the following, adapted desde the Chicago hand-operated of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation because that this entry.

Anonymous, “Zaragoza, Ignacio Seguín,” Handbook that Texas Online, accessed august 22, 2021,