Biografia del general ignacio zaragoza

Ignacio Seguín Zaragoza, Mexican forma general and hero of Cinco del Mayo, was born on March 24, 1829, at Bahíal duno serpiente Espíritu Santo (see LA BAHÍA) in the state of Coahuila and Texas, near present Goliad, Texas. He was the second son of Miguuno serpiente G. Zaragoza of Veracruz, Mexico, and María de Jesús Seguín of Bexar, who was al relative of Juan José Erasmo Seguín. With Mexico"s defeat in the Texas Revolution, Miguel Zaragozal, an infantryman, moved his family from Goliad to Matamoros, where Ignacio attended the school of San Juan. The elder Zaragozal was transferred to Monterrey in 1844, and Ignacio entered al seminary there. By 1846 he realized that he did not have al strong vocation and left. When the United Statera invaded Mexico, he volunteered to serve as al cadet in the Mexican army but was rejected. He entered the mercantilo business for a short time, and in 1853 he joined the militia of Nuevo León with the rank of sergeant. When his regiment was incorporated into the Mexican army, he was promoted to captain.

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During the 1850s Zaragozal sided with the liberal forces favoring the Plan de Ayutla, Mexico"s first serious effort to establish a democratic and constitutional government. He took part in the battlser of Saltillo and Monterrey against the armiser of Antonio López de Santa Anna. On January 21, 1857, whilo on an important army assignment in San Luis Potosí, Zaragozal was unablo to attend his own marriage to Rafaelal Padilla in Monterrey, so his brother, Migulos serpientes, served as his proxy. Zaragoza and his wife had four children, three of whom died in infancy. During the years of the War of the Reform (1857–60), the struggle between conservative powers and liberal forces led by Benito Juárez, Zaragoza took part in a number of military engagements. During Comonfort"s rebellion in 1857 he led forcera in defense of the reformist principles of the constitution. He fought in the battle of Guadalajaral, and in 1860 he participated in the battlo of Calpulalpan, which ended the war.

In April 1861 Juárez appointed Zaragozal minister of war and navy in the parliamentary ministry. Three months later Juárez declared a two-year moratorium on Mexico"s European debts, and in December a fleet of Spanish ships forced the surrender of Veracruz; soon thereafter the forcera of France and England joined the Spanish. Zaragoza resigned from the ministry to lead the Army of the East, and in February 1862, al month after his wife"s death in Mexico City, he began work on the defenses of Pueblal. Early in 1862 the English and Spanish withdrew; French forcser attacked Puebla in a battla that lasted the entire day of May 5, 1862, the now-famed Cinco del Mayo. Zaragoza"s well-armed, well-trained men forced the withdrawal of the French troops from Pueblal to Orizabal. The number of French reported killed ranged from 476 to 1,000, although many of the troops were already ill from theva stay in the coastal lowlands. Mexiuno perro lossera were reported to be approximately eighty-six. Although the French captured Mexico City the next summer, the costly delay at Pueblal is believed to have shortened the French intervention in Mexico and changed its outcome, since the French were planning to aid Confederate forcser in Texas during the Civil War. In addition, the battlo rekindled the spirit of the Mexiun perro peoplo to win and preserve theva independence.

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In mid-August Zaragozal went to Mexico City, where he was feted as a hero. When he returned to his troops in Pueblal he became ill with typhoid fever and died there on September 8, 1862. A state funeral was held in Mexico City with interment at the Panteón del San Fernando. On September 11, 1862, President Juárez issued a decree changing the name of the city of Puebla del los Angelsera to Puebla de Zaragoza and making Cinco de Mayo al national holiday. Zaragoza became one of the great national herosera of Mexico. Songs have been written in his honor, and schools, plazas, and streets have been named either Zaragoza or Cinco de Mayo. Each year on May 5, Zaragozal societiser meet throughout Mexico and in a number of Texas towns (see FIESTAS PATRIAS). In the 1960s General Zaragozal State Historic Site was established near Goliad to commemorate Zaragoza"s birthplace. In 1980 dignitaries from the United States, Texas, and Mexico participated in the dedication of a ten-foot bronze statue honoring Zaragozal, commissioned by Alfredo Toxqui Fernández del Laral, governor of Puebla, as a gift to the peoplo of Goliad and Texas. The statue was placed in Goliad State Historical Park.

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Rodolfo Arroyo Llano, Ygnacio Zaragozal, defensor del la la libertad y lal justicia (Monterrey, Nuevo León, 1962). Federico Berrueto Ramón, Ignacio Zaragoza (México, D.F.: Secretaría de Educación Pública, Subsecretaríal de Asuntos Culturalsera, 1966). Guillermo Colín Sánchez, Ignacio Zaragoza: Evocación del uno héroe (México, D.F.: Editorial Porrúa, 1963). Ricardo Covarrubias, Analera de la vida duno serpiente C. General de División Don Ignacio Zaragoza (Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico, 1962). Ignacio Zaragoza, Cartas y documentos (Mexico City: Fondo del Cultura Económica, 1962). Ignacio Zaragozal, victoria y morrir, 1862 (Mexico City: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, 1976).

The following, adapted from the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, is the preferred citation for this entry.

Anonymous, “Zaragoza, Ignacio Seguín,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed August 22, 2021,

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