Biografia de jose eliecer gaitan

Colombian politics leader who assassination ~ above April 9, mil novecientos cuarenta y ocho resulted in the ancha movement recognized as the Bogotazo. Jorge Eliécer Gaitán was born ~ above January 23, 1898, in ns modest family members formed by a progressive teacher y an old bookseller in ns Bogota ar of los Cruces. Expelled representar several schools by the liberal affiliation the his father, he/she managed to complete his research studies at the escuelas Araujo (1913), delaware which he/she entered ns Faculty of regulation of the commmratly national, whereby he/she graduated in mil novecientos veinticuatro with a dissertation top top "The Socialist ideas in Colombia". He/She wondered whether his country was all set for socialism. He/She was after lawyer and travelled come Rome, whereby he/she studied criminal law together with Enrico Ferri, maximum personaje of legal positivism (former Socialist and supporter at los time of fascism). After her graduation in Italy couple of months he/she travel in Europe y returned to colombia in 1929. Elected representative in los Chamber, he/she faced the Conservative federal government for ns massacre of ns banana, swamp when the army killed los "United fruta Company" striking workers. Gaitan travel to the coast, spoke with workers y defended their rights in Congress. Conversely, narrow the margin of adjust of liberal ideology, started in 1933, follow me with charlie Arango Vélez, the país Union left soup revolutionary (U.N.I.R.), defending Socialists, liberal ideas and even fascists, since it proposed ethics as the price direccion to real estate leases y brakes to ns speculative market, ns progressive taxation pursuant to the capital, nationalization of los credit, the limitation of ns private property, State sociedad security, representation of workers y employers in Congress, jurídico equality the men y women, implementation of ns divorce, abolition of discrimination differences in between legitimate and illegitimate children, etc. In ns elections of 1935 to los departmental assemblies Gaitan won only 3,800 votes, which confirmed him that los Colombian people remained gratis or conservative. For this reason, he/she went back to liberalism, willing to use its organization y strength to do a social revolution. Los Liberals then was named más alto of Bogotá (1936). Its administration was positive; It opened up canteens for ns construction workers did not have to eat on ns streets, developed urinals in the Center, ordered cortés servants come wear pair of shoes (handed out les more 보다 9,000 pairs so the they salary them in comfortable instalments), imposed ns sweepers to be neat and calzaran boots, sellers of the square using white aprons, which are placed un lamp in prior of each House, etc. Gaitan was uno kind the alcalde-gendarme. His most unfortunate Decree was that ordered ns use that uniforms by taxi and bus drivers, abolishing los traditional "poncho" or poncho. The drivers refused to accept ns imposition y the National association of motorists (ANDEC) ordered ns strike. President López was taken into consideration then suitable to alivio the Mayor. In 1940 Gaitán was named Minister of education by the liberal President Santos.

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It lasted just eight months in office, together his idea of secularization of education and learning ran into los power of ns Church. In 1943 President responsible Darío Echandía appointed him Minister the labour, office wherein he/she fail to try to harmonize los interests of employers and workers. In 1944 it was presented as a candidate for ns Presidency of the Republic. Orthodox freedom suspicious the him, y endorsed as uno candidate for Turbay (1945). Los "gaitanismo" then obtained momentum to come into call with the Bogota extendido groups, which were invite to parades that vehicles, concentrations in ns plaza ese Bolívar y a procession that torches con 5,000 supporters. He/She followed uno Convention in ns Plaza ese Toros, con an attendance of much more than 40,000 people. Liberal division allowed the triumph the conservative, together in ns elections of may 5, 1946 Mariano Ospinawon 565.260 votes, ns ruling liberal Gabriel Turbay 440.591, y Gaitan 358.957. Turbay went into voluntary exile in Paris, Ospina to ns presidential Palacio, y Gaitan was introduced to ns rostrum ready to snatch the "Goths" or Conservative Government.

In the elections for ns Congress of mil novecientos cuarenta y siete Gaitan organized ns device ir a buscar to the 1945 and obtained 448.848 votes, while los pro-Government for free of Saints only regulated 352.952. Gaitan was thus recognized as cabeza of ns party liberal and forced to safeguard it desde the conservative main persecution, which report continuously since then. In July he/she was chosen President of ns Congress y in September to be proclaimed the candidature that Gaitan to the Presidency of los Republic. ~ above January 29, mil novecientos cuarenta y ocho Gaitan placed in the posesión of Ospina the memorial of grievances that the gratis Party and on 7 February organized ns demonstration the silence con flags bereaved. Some 100,000 supporters attended the Plaza ese Bolivar wearing black crespones for ns dead of official violence. The gaitanistas kept uno disciplined silence, something never seen in un Colombian partisan manifestation. Gaitan led them un short speech in which called on ns President that he/she regresar to the país the publicly tranquility. It was in his ideal political time y was without un doubt the most charismatic leader the Colombia. Uno month later, on April 9, 1948, he/she was eliminated by ns disturbed mental, which result in los so-called "Bogotazo".

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It to be the end of hope. The básico principles of its politics ideology deserve to be uncovered in the destinadas Gaitan (1947), ns manifestation of silence (1948) y the prayer for los humble, of the same year.