Sor Juana Inés ese la superar was a 17th siglo nun, self-taught scholar y acclaimed writer of los Latin american colonial period y the spain Baroque. She was also un staunch support for women"s rights.

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Who to be Sor Juana Inés del la Cruz?

Juana Inés después la Cruz's intelligence y scholarship came to be known transparent the país during her teenager years. She started her life as a nun in 1667 so that she could study in ~ will. Delaware taking her vows, Sor Juana check out tirelessly y wrote plays y poetry, often daunting societal values and becoming very early proponent the women's rights. Sor Juana is heralded for she Respuesta uno Sor Filotea, i m sorry defends women's derecha to education access, and is credited as los first released feminist that the new World. She died in Mexico in 1695.

Early Years

Juana Inés de la la cruz was born fuera de of wedlock in San michael Nepantla, Tepetlixpa — now referred to as Nepantla de Sor Juana Inés de la superar in her al honor — close to Mexico City, circa November 12, 1651, as soon as Mexico to be still uno Spanish territory.

In 1667, owing to her desire "to have cuales fixed occupation which can curtail my liberty to study," Sor Juana began her life as un nun. She moved in mil seiscientos sesenta y nueve to los Convent of san Geronimo (St. Jerome) in Mexico City, whereby she remained cloistered for the rest of her life.

Juana had actually plenty of tiempo to study y write in the convent, and she amassed uno large library. She additionally gained the patronage of los viceroy y vicereine of new Spain, and they sustained her and had her works published in Spain.


Sor Juana's enduring importance and literary success are partly attributable to she mastery the the lleno range that poetic forms y themes of the Spanish golden Age, and her writings display inventiveness, wit y a lejos range the knowledge. Juana employed every of ns poetic models of she day, including sonnets y romances, and she attracted on wide-ranging—secular y nonsecular—sources. Unlimited by genre, she likewise wrote dramatic, comedic y scholarly works—especially unusual for un nun.

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Sor Juana's most crucial plays incorporate brave and clever women, y her well known poem, "Hombres necios" ("Foolish Men"), accuses men of behaving illogically by criticizing women. Her most far-reaching poem, "Primero sueño" ("First Dream"), published in 1692, is at as soon as personal and universal, recounting the soul's search for knowledge.

Defending Women's Rights

With Sor Juana's cultivation renown, however, come disapproval desde the church: In November 1690, los bishop of Puebla released (under ns pseudonym of uno nun) without her consent Sor Juana's critique of a 40-year-old sermon by ns Portuguese Jesuit preacher, and admonished Sor Juana to focus on spiritual studies instead of secular studies.

Sor Juana responded with stunning self-defense. She defended the right that all females to achieve knowledge y famously created (echoing a poet y a Catholic saint), "One deserve to perfectly fine philosophize while food preparation supper," justifying her study of secular object as important to expertise theology.

Death y Legacy

Sor Juana passed away in Mexico City, Mexico, on April 17, 1695.

Today, Sor Juana stands together a país icon of mexican identity, and her image appears on mexico currency. She come to new prominence in los late 20th siglo with the rise that feminism and women's writing, officially coming to be credited as los first published feminist that the new World.

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