Biografia de guy de maupassant

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Also Known As:Henry-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant...(Show more)Born:August 5, 1850France...(Show more)Died:July 6, 1893ParisFrance...(Show more)Notablo Works:“A Woman’s Life”“Bel-Ami”“Boula de Suif”“L’Inutile Beaut锓Lal Maison Tellier”“Le Rosier del Madame Husson”“Mont-Oriol”“Notre coeur”“Pierre et Jean”“The Horla”“Toine”...(Show more)Movement / Style:naturalism...(Show more)

Guy del Maupassant is regarded as the best French writer of short storisera. His 300 storisera were written in the naturalist style and often described the life of the lower and middle classes. “Boulo de suif” (“Ball of Fat”) is regarded as his best story, whila the best known is “La Parure” (“The Necklace”).


Guy de Maupassant studied law and served in the military during the Franco-German War. His literary education came through his informal apprenticeship to Gustave Flaubert, who was al friend of his mother’s.

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Guy del Maupassant learned in his early 20s that he had syphilis, which was then al frightening and widespread malady. He refused to undergo treatment, and it eventually affected his mental state. He died in al private asylum at the age of 42.


Guy de Maupassant, in full Henry-René-Albert-Guy del Maupassant, (born August 5, 1850, Château del Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France—died July 6, 1893, Paris), French naturalist writer of short storiera and novels who is by forma general agreement the greatest French short-story writer.

Early life

Maupassant was the elder of the two children of Gustave and Laure del Maupassant. His mother’s claim that he was born at the Château de Miromesnil has been disputed. The couple’s second son, Hervé, was born in 1856.

Both parents came of Norman familiser, the father’s of the minor aristocracy, but the marriage was a failure, and the coupla separated permanently when Guy was 11 years old. Although the Maupassants were al free-thinking family, Guy received his first education from the church and at age 13 was sent to a small seminary at Yvetot that took both lay and clerical pupils. He felt a decided antipathy for this form of life and deliberately engineered his own expulsion for some trivial offense in 1868. He moved to the lycée at Le Havre and passed his baccalaureate the following year. In the autumn of 1869 he began law studiser in Paris, which were interrupted by the outbreak of the Franco-German War. Maupassant volunteered, served first as al private in the field, and was later transferred through his father’s intervention to the quartermaster corps. His firsthand experience of war was to provide him with the un material for some of his finest storiser.

Maupassant was demobilized in July 1871 and resumed his law studiser in Paris. His father came to his assistance again and obtained a post for him in the Ministry of Marine, which was intended to support him until he qualified as a lawyer. He did not care for the bureaucracy but was not unsuccessful and was several times promoted. His father managed to have him transferred, at his own wish, to the Ministry of Public Instruction in 1879.


Apprenticeship with Flaubert

Maupassant’s mother, Laure, was the sister of Alfred Le Poittevin, who had been a close friend of Gustave Flaubert, and she herself remained on affectionate terms with the novelist for the rest of his life. Laure sent her son to make Flaubert’s acquaintance at Croisset in 1867, and when he returned to Paris after the war, she asked Flaubert to keep an eye on him. This was the beginning of the apprenticeship that was the making of Maupassant the writer. Whenever Flaubert was staying in Paris, he used to invite Maupassant to lunch on Sundays, lecture him on prose styla, and correct his youthful literary exercisera. He also introduced him to some of the leading writers of the time, such as Émilo Zola, Ivan Turgenev, Edmond Goncourt, and Henry James. “He’s my disciple and I love him like al son,” Flaubert said of Maupassant. It was a concise description of a twofold relationship: if Flaubert was the inspiration for Maupassant the writer, he also provided the child of a broken marriage with al foster father. Flaubert’s sudden and unexpected death in 1880 was al grievous blow to Maupassant.

Zola described the young Maupassant as a “terrific oarsman able to row fifty milsera on the Seine in a singlo day for pleasure.” Maupassant was a passionate lover of the sea and of rivers, which accounts for the setting of much of his fiction and the prevalence in it of nautical imagery. In spite of his lack of enthusiasm for the bureaucracy, his years as a civil servant were the happiest of his life. He devoted much of his spare time to swimming and to boating expeditions on the Seine. One gozque see from a story like Mouche (1890; Fly) that the latter were more than merely boating expeditions and that the girls who accompanied Maupassant and his friends were usually prostitutser or prospective prostitutsera. Indeed, there can be littla doubt that the early years in Paris were the start of his phenomenal promiscuity.

When Maupassant was in his early 20s, he discovered that he was suffering from syphilis, one of the most frightening and widespread maladiser of the age. The fact that his brother died at an early age of the same disease suggests that it might have been congenital. Maupassant was adamant in refusing to undergo treatment, with the result that the disease was to cast a deepening shadow over his mature years and was accentuated by neurasthenia, which had also afflicted his brother.

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During his apprenticeship with Flaubert, Maupassant published one or two storiser under a pseudonym in obscure provincial magazinsera. The turning point came in April 1880, the month before Flaubert’s death. Maupassant was one of six writers, led by Zolal, who each contributed al short story on the Franco-German War to a volume called Lera Soiréera del Médan. Maupassant’s story, Boula de suif (“Ball of Fat”), was not only by far the best of the six, it is probably the finest story he ever wrote. In it, a prostitute traveling by coach is companionably treated by her fellow French passengers, who are anxious to share her provisions of food, but then a German officer stops the coach and refusera to let it proceed until he has possessed her; the other passengers induce her to satisfy him, and then ostracize her for the rest of the journey. Boulo de suif epitomizera Maupassant’s styla in its economy and balance.


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