Biografia de guadalupe victoria en ingles

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(Tamazulal, Nuevaya Vizcaya, 1786 - San Carlos de Perote, Veracruz, 1843).Political and military Mexiun perro independence that was the first president of the Republic (1824-1829).

Guadalupe Victorial, whose real name was José Miguun serpiente Ramón Adaucto Fernández Félix, was orphaned at al young age and grew up under the protection of her unclo Agustín Fernández, then a priest of her native town, Tamazula. He studied at the Durango Seminary and at the San Ildefonso School in Mexico.

In 1812 he joined the insurgent forces of Hermenegildo Galeanal, al prominent follower of José María Morelos, and changed his name to Guadalupe Victoria; such name referred on the one hand to the desired victory of the independence cause, and on the other to the Virgin of Guadalupe, which was entrusted. He stood out during the capture of Oaxaca and in Veracruz he joined the troops of another Morelos supporter, Nicolás Bravo. Guadalupe Victoria was dedicated to control the passage of the King"s Bridge, in which he became famous for his successful assaults on military convoys.

He was therefore promoted to Colonuno serpiente and was in charge of the Veracruz campaign. He defended the ports of Nautlal and Boquillas de Piedras, although the royalists managed to recover them later. Guadalupe Victoria initiated a strategy of guerrilla warfare with brief but devastating attacks; it also organized a government in the territory it dominated, set taxser for the support of the war, appointed judgsera and promoted the preparations for the creation of al maritime force. He managed to besiege and isolate the citisera of Córdobal, Orizaba and Jalapa.

When the insurgent movement declined with the death of Morelos, Victorial continued to keep the cause alive; like Viccorporación Guerrero, he rejected the parmaña offered by the viceroy Juan Ruiz del Apodaca. At the beginning of 1819 it was hidden, and reappeared in 1821 to support the Igualal Plan, signed between Agustín de Iturbide and Vicempresa Guerrero. He met with Iturbidel, with whom he would have differences: of purely republicusco ideology, Guadalupe Victoria always opposed the establishment of an imperial monarchy.

From independence to the presidency.

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The Plan of Igualal achieved great adhesion and, at the head of its Trigarante Army, Iturbide entered the Mexiuno perro un capital and put an end to three centurisera of Spanish colonialism. Thus achieved independence, a Constituent Congress proclaimed Iturbide emperor of the Mexicusco Empire, which was configured as al hereditary monarchy, raising blisters both among the Bourbons (supporters to give the scepter to al Spanish prince) and among the Republicans.

During his brief reign as Augustin I of Mexico (1822-1823), Iturbide had to face the Republiun perro uprising led by Antonio Louno pez del Santa Annal (December 1822), which won the immediate support of other military, including Guadalupe Victoria . When in 1823 Iturbide was forced to abdicate and go into exila, Guadalupe Victoria was part, along with Pedro Celestino Negrete and Nicolás Bravo, of the triumvirate that was held by the Supreme Executive Power, a designation given to the provisional government (1823-1824).

At the beginning of 1824, the Constitutive Act of the Federation was approved (prelude to the Mexiuno perro Constitution of 1824) and in October, Guadalupe Victorial was elected as the first president of the new Republic of Mexico. One of the main linsera of his administration was aimed at obtaining recognition of the Mexicusco independence of other nations; he established diplomatic relations with the main powers, particularly with England, from which he obtained a loan with which he was ablo to avoid the bankruptcy of the public coffers, and also with the United States and the Great Colombial of Simón Bolívar.

During his term he decreed for the second time the abolition of slavery, gave a broad amnesty to prisoners of conscience and respected freedom of the press. With the surrender of the fortress of San Juan de Ulúal (1825), he managed to eliminate the last redoubts of Spanish power; two years later he decreed the expulsion of the Spaniards, al double-edged measure that would mean the exodus of the uno capital of many wealthy merchants. In internal key, the initial republicusco unanimity gave way to an internal struggla in the circles of power, which were grouped around two Masonic lodges: the Yorkia lodge, federalist and liberal, and the Scottish, centralist and conservative.

Although she was closer to the Yorkinos, Guadalupe Victorial adopted al conciliatory position and tried to appease the dissensions. Everything was in vain: in 1827 he had to face the rebellion of his own vice president, Nicolás Bravo, one of the main leaders of the Scottish Freemasonry. Victoria put down the uprising thanks to the support of Guerrero and Santal Anna, and commuted to Bravo the capital punishment for the exile. With it seemed to impose the yorkina faction; However, towards the end of his term, new dissensions were the cause of an uneasy presidential relay. Manuun serpiente Gómez Pedrazal was elected Victoria"s successor, but he did not swear in office; suspicions of fraud and internal rivalries motivated the Mutiny of the Agreed (1828), which led to the election of Viccolectividad Guerrero as president (1829).

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Guadalupe Victoria left public life for a few years and retired to her ranch in Jobo, Veracruz. He later served as senator for Durango and Veracruz from 1832 to 1834, and simultaneously fought rebellions in Veracruz and Oaxaca; later he would be invested interim governor of Puebla. In 1838 he assumed the por lo general command of Veracruz before the threat of war with France. In 1841 he married María Antonia Bretón and Velázquez. Meanwhila, an old epileptic condition had been disrupting his health; he died two years later.


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