Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderon, together her name shows up on she birth certificate to be born top top July 6, mil novecientos siete in the house of her parents, well-known as La patria Azul (The blue House), in Coyoacan. At the time, this was a small town on los outskirts of Mexico City.

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Her father, william Kahlo (1872-1941), was born cuchillo Wilhelm Kahlo in Pforzheim, Germany. He was the son of ns painter and goldsmith jacob Heinrich Kahlo y Henriett E. Kaufmann.

Kahlo claimed her father was of Jewish and Hungarian ancestry, however a 2005 book on wilhelm Kahlo, Fridas Vater (Schirmer/Mosel, 2005), principal that he was descended representar a long line of german Lutherans.

Wilhelm Kahlo cruised to Mexico in mil ochocientos noventa y uno at ns age that nineteen and, top top his arrival, changed his alemán forename, Wilhelm, come its Spanish equivalent, 'Guillermo'. During ns late 1930s, in ns face of climbing Nazism in Germany, Frida acknowledged y asserted her alemán heritage through spelling her name, Frieda (an allusion come "Frieden", which method "peace" in German).

Frida's mother, Matilde Calderon y Gonzalez, was ns devout Catholic of mostly indigenous, and also Spanish descent. Frida's parents to be married shortly after the fatality of Guillermo's very first wife during ns birth that her 2nd child. Return their marriage was rather unhappy, Guillermo y Matilde had 4 daughters, con Frida being ns third. She had two older half sisters. Frida once remarked the she grew up in un world surrounding by females. Throughout many of she life, however, Frida continued to be close to she father.

The Mexican transformation began in 1910 when Kahlo was three years old. Later, however, Kahlo claimed that she to be born in mil novecientos diez so people would straight associate she with the revolution. In her writings, she recalled the her mommy would water level her y her sisters within the house as gunfire echoed in the streets of she hometown, which was extremely poor at the time. Occasionally, men would leap over the walls into their backyard and sometimes her mom would prepare un meal for the hungry revolutionaries.

Kahlo contract polio at period six, which left her ideal leg diluent than ns left, i beg your pardon Kahlo disguised by wearing largo skirts. It has actually been conjectured that she also suffered desde spina bifida, a congenital disease that can have influenced both spinal and leg development. As un girl, she participated in boxing and other sports. In 1922, Kahlo to be enrolled in the Preparatoria, among Mexico's primer ministro schools, where she was one of only thirty-five girls. Kahlo joined ns gang at los school and fell in love with los leader, Alejandro Gomez Arias. Throughout this period, Kahlo also witnessed violent equipped struggles in the streets of Mexico ciudad as los Mexican revolution continued.


After ns accident, Frida Kahlo rotate her fist away desde the research of medicine to begin un full-time héctor career. Ns accident left her in ns great repartir of ache while she recovered in a saturado body cast; she painted to accounting her hora during she temporary estado of immobilization. She self-portraits became a dominant component of she life when she was immobile for tres months after her accident. Frida Kahlo once said, "I paint myself because me gustaría am regularly alone and I am los subject identificación know best". Her mom had un special easel made for her so she can paint in bed, y her dad lent she his crate of oil paints and some brushes.

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Drawing on emplea experiences, consisting of her marriage, she miscarriages, and her countless operations, Kahlo's works regularly are defined by their stark portrayals of pain. That her ciento cuarenta y tres paintings, 55 are self-portraits which often incorporate symbolic portrayals the physical and psychological wounds. She insisted, "I never painted dreams. I painted my very own reality".

Kahlo was deeply influenced by indigenous Mexican culture, which is apparent in her use of bright colors and dramatic symbolism. She commonly included los symbolic monkey. In mexico mythology, primates are signs of lust, however Kahlo illustrated them as tender and protective symbols. Christian and Jewish themes room often shown in she work. She combined elements of los classic spiritual Mexican tradition with surrealist renderings.

At ns invitation the Andre Breton, she saw France in 1939 and to be featured at an exhibition the her paintings in Paris. Ns Louvre bought one of her paintings, los Frame, i m sorry was displayed at los exhibit. This was ns first work by ns 20th century Mexican artist ever before purchased by los internationally renowned museum.


As ns young artist, Kahlo approached ns famous mexican painter, Diego Rivera, whose occupational she admired, questioning him for advice about pursuing letras as ns career. He instantly recognized she talent y her distinctive expression together truly special and uniquely Mexican. He urged her advance as one artist y soon started an intimate relationship with Frida. They were married in 1929, despite ns disapproval that Frida's mother. They often were described as los Elephant and the Dove, uno nickname that originated as soon as Kahlo's father used it to express their extreme distinction in size.

Their marriage regularly was tumultuous. Notoriously, both Kahlo and Rivera had fiery temperaments and both had many extramarital affairs. Los openly bisexual Kahlo had affairs with both males (including Leon Trotsky) and women; Rivera knew of and tolerated she relationships con women, but her relationships with men made him jealous. For her part, Kahlo came to be outraged once she learned the Rivera had an affair with her younger sister, Cristina. Los couple at some point divorced, yet remarried in 1940. Their second marriage was as stormy as ns first. Their living quarters regularly were separate, although periodically adjacent.

Active communist sympathizers, Kahlo y Rivera befriended Leon Trotsky together he sought political sanctuary representar Joseph Stalin's regimen in the Soviet Union. Initially, Trotsky lived with Rivera and then in ~ Kahlo's home, whereby they reportedly had an affair. Trotsky y his mam then relocated to another casa in Coyoacan where, later, he to be assassinated.


A few days before Frida Kahlo died on July 13, 1954, she wrote in her diary: "I hope los exit is joyful - y I hope never ever to return —apoyándose Frida". Los official cause of fatality was offered as pulmonary embolism, although some suspected the she died from overdose that might or may not have been accidental. One autopsy was never performed. She had actually been very ill throughout ns previous year y her ideal leg had actually been amputated at los knee, fan to gangrene. She also had a bout of bronchopneumonia close to that time, which had left her rather frail.

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Later, in his autobiography, Diego Rivera created that the día Kahlo passed away was los most tragic day of his life, including that, also late, he had actually realized that the most wonderful component of his life had been his love because that her.

A pre-Columbian urn sociedad anónima her ashes is on display screen in her former home, La casa Azul (The blue House), in Coyoacan. Now it is a museum housing un number that her functions of art and numerous relics representar her empleado life. (From Wikipedia)