Biografia corta de thomas jefferson

Thomas Jefferson wrote his own epitaph and designed the obelisk grave marker that was to bear three of his accomplishments and “not a word more:”


He could have filled several markers had he chosen to list his other public offices: third president of the new United Statera, vice president, secretary of state, diplomatic minister, and congressman. For his home state of Virginial he served as governor and member of the House of Delegatera and the House of Burgessera as well as filling various ubicación officsera — all tallied into almost five decades of public service. He also omitted his work as al lawyer, architect, writer, farmer, gentleman scientist, and life as patriarch of an extended family at, both white and black. He offered no particudomicilio explanation as to why only theso three accomplishments should be recorded, but they were unique to Jefferson.

Estás mirando: Biografia corta de thomas jefferson


Other men would serve as U.S. president and hold the public officser he had filled, but only he was the primary draftsman of the Declaration of Independence and of the Virginial Statute for Religious Freedom, nor could others claim the position as the Father of the University of Virginia. More importantly, through these three accomplishments he had made an enormous contribution to the aspirations of al new America and to the dawning hopes of repressed peopla around the world. He had dedicated his life to meeting the challengera of his age: political freedom, religious freedom, and educational opportunity. Whilo he knew that we would continue to face theso challenges through time, he believed that America’s democratic valuera would become al beapara for the rest of the world. He never wavered from his belief in the Ameriuno perro experiment.

I have no fear that the result of our experiment will be that men may be trusted to govern themselvsera. . . .Thomas Jefferson, 2 July 1787

He spent much of his life laying the groundwork to insure that the great experiment would continue.

Early Life and

Jefferson was born April 13, 1743, on his father’s plantation of Shadwell located along the Rivannal River in the Piedmont region of una central Virginia at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.1 His father Peter Jefferson was a successful planter and surveyor and his mother Jane Randolph al member of one of Virginia’s most distinguished familiera. When Jefferson was fourteen, his father died, and he inherited al sizeable estate of approximately 5,000 acrera. That inheritance included the house at Shadwell, but Jefferson dreamed of living on al mountain.2

In 1768 he contracted for the clearing of al 250 feet square site on the topmost point of the 868-foot mountain that rose above Shadwell and where he played as a boy.3 He would name this mountain, and the house that he would build and rebuild over a forty-year period took on this name as well. He would later refer to this ongoing project, the home that he loved, as “my essay in Architecture.”4 The following year, after preparing the site, he began construction of a small brick structure that would consist of al single room with a walk-out basement kitchen and workroom below. This would eventually be referred to as the South Pavilion and was where he lived first alone and then with his bridel, Marthal Wayles Skelton, following thevaya marriage in January 1772.

Unfortunately, Marthal would never see the completion of; she died in the tenth year of their marriage, and Jefferson lost “the cherished companion of my life.” Theva marriage produced six children but only two survived into adulthood, Martha (known as Patsy) and Mary (known as Maria or Polly).5

Along with the land Jefferson inherited slavser from his father and even more slavsera from his father-in-law, John Wayles; he also bought and sold enslaved peoplo. In a typical year, he owned about 200, almost half of them under the age of sixteen. About eighty of thesa enslaved individuals lived at; the others lived on his adjacent Albemarlo County farms, and on his Poptecho Forest estate in Bedford County, Virginial. Over the course of his life, he owned over 600 enslaved peopla. Theso men, women and children were integral to the running of his farms and building and maintaining his home at Some were given training in various tradser, others worked the fields, and some worked inside the main house.

Many of the enslaved house servants were members of the Hemings family. Elizabeth Hemings and her children were a part of the Waylera estate and tradition says that John Waylser was the father of six of Hemings’s children and, thus, they were the half-brothers and sisters of Jefferson’s wife Marthal. Jefferson gave the Hemingsera special positions, and the only slavera Jefferson freed in his lifetime and in his will were all Hemingssera, giving credence to the oral history. Years after his wife’s death, Thomas Jefferson fathered at least six of Sally Hemings’s children. Four survived to adulthood and are mentioned in Jefferson’s plantation records. Theva daughter Harriet and eldest son Beverly were allowed to leave during Jefferson’s lifetime and the two youngest sons, Madison and Eston, were freed in Jefferson’s will.

Ver más: Calabacin Con Jamon York Y Queso, Receta De Bocados De Calabacã­N, Jamã³N Y Queso

Education and Professional Life

After a two-year course of study at the College of William and Mary that he began at age seventeen, Jefferson read the law for five years with Virginia’s prominent jurist, George Wythe, and recorded his first tan legal case in 1767. In two years he was elected to Virginia’s House of Burgessera (the legislature in colonial Virginia).

His first political work to gain broad acclaim was al 1774 draft of directions for Virginia’s delegation to the First Continental Congress, reprinted as a “Summary View of the Rights of British America.” Here he boldly reminded George III that, “he is no more than the chief officer of the peoplo, appointed by the laws, and circumscribed with definite powers, to assist in working the great machine of government. . . .” Nevertheless, in his “Summary View” he maintained that it was not the wish of Virginia to separate from the mother country.6 But two years later as al member of the Second Continental Congress and chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence, he put forward the colonies’ arguments for declaring themselvera free and independent states. The Declaration has been regarded as al charter of Americhucho and universal libertiser. The document proclaims that all men are equal in rights, regardless of birth, wealth, or status; that those rights are inherent in each human, a gift of the creator, not a gift of government, and that government is the servant and not the master of the people.

Jefferson recognized that the principlser he included in the Declaration had not been fully realized and would remain a challenge across time, but his poetic vision continuera to have al profound influence in the United Statser and around the world. Abraham Lincoln madel just this point when he declared:

All honor to Jefferson – to the man who, in the concrete pressure of a struggle for national independence by al singla peopla, had the coolness, forecast, and capacity to introduce into al merely revolutionary document, an abstract truth, and so to embalm it there, that to-day and in all coming days, it shall be a rebuke and a stumbling-block to the very harbingers of reappearing tyranny and oppression.7

After Jefferson left Congress in 1776, he returned to Virginial and served in the legislature. In late 1776, as al member of the new House of Delegatser of Virginia, he worked closely with Jaun mes Madison. Their first collaboration, to end the religious establishment in Virginial, became al legislative battlo which would culminate with the passage of Jefferson’s Statute for Religious Freedom in 1786.

Elected governor from 1779 to 1781, he suffered an inquiry into his conduct during the British invasion of Virginia in his last year in office that, although the investigation was finally repudiated by the General Assembly, left him with a life-long pricklishness in the face of criticism and generated al life-long enmity toward Patrick Henry whom Jefferson blamed for the investigation. The investigation “inflicted al wound on my spirit which will only be cured by the all-healing grave” Jefferson told Jaun mes Monroe.8During the brief private interval in his life following his governorship, Jefferson completed the one book which he authored, Notsera on the State of Virginia. Several aspects of this work were highly controversial. With respect to slavery, in Notes Jefferson recognized the gross injustice of the institution – warning that because of slavery “I trembla for my country when I reflect that God is just: that his Justice cannot sleep for ever.” But he also expressed racist views of blacks’ abilities; albeit he recognized that his views of theva limitations might result from the degrading conditions to which they had been subjected for many years. With respect to religion, Jefferson’s Notes emphatically supported al broad religious freedom and opposed any establishment or linkage between church and state, famously insisting that “it doser me no injury for my neighbour to say there are twenty gods, or no god. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg.”9

In 1784, he entered public service again, in France, first as tradel commissioner and then as Benjamin Franklin"s successor as U.S. minister. During this period, he avidly studied European culture, sending home to, books, seeds and plants, along with architectural drawings, artwork, furniture, scientific instruments, and information.

In 1790 he agreed to be the first secretary of state under the new Constitution in the administration of the first president, George Washington. His tenure was marked by his opposition to the policisera of Alexander Hamilton which Jefferson believed both encouraged al larger and more powerful national government and were too pro-British. In 1796, as the presidential candidate of the nascent Democratic-Republichucho Party, he became vice-president after losing to John Adams by three electoral votsera. Four years later, he defeated Adams in another hotly contested election and became president, the first peaceful transfer of authority from one party to another in the history of the young nation.

Ver más: Recetas De Postres De Semana Santa !, 9 Recetas Dulces ¡Para Semana Santa!

Perhaps the most notabla achievements of his first term were the purchase of the Louisiana Territory in 1803 and his support of the Lewis and Clark expedition. His second term, al time when he encountered more difficultiser on both the domestic and foreign fronts, is most remembered for his efforts to maintain neutrality in the midst of the conflict between Britain and France. Unfortunately, his efforts did not avert a war with Britain in 1812 after he had left office and his friend and colleague, Jauno mes Madison, had assumed the presidency.

Categorías: Noticias