Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador Biografia Corta

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Born:November 13, 1953Mexico...(Show more)Political Affiliation:Party of the Democratic Revolution...(Show more)

Andrés manuel López Obrador, byname AMLO, (born November 13, 1953, Villa después Tepetitán, Tabasco, Mexico), centre-left populist mexican politician that was chosen president of Mexico in July 2018. Formerly he served as cabeza of the unión District government (2000–05) and ran unsuccessfully for president in 2006 and 2012.


Early life and political career

López Obrador was born into uno provincial middle-class family. From mil novecientos setenta y dos to 1976 he studied political science y public management at the nacional Autonomous university of Mexico. He started his political career in Mexico’s long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), eventually ending up being Tabasco estado party chairman in 1983. That left the party, however, y backed the dissident presidential candidacy the Cuauhtémoc cornenas in 1988. López Obrador’s own mil novecientos ochenta y ocho opposition candidacy because that Tabasco’s governorship finished in defeat, yet he later on became estado president of the party started on ns basis of Cárdenas’s quisquilloso coalition, the centre-left Party of the Democratic transformation (PRD).

During los 1990s López Obrador deserve a país reputation for organizing grassroots protests against environmental damages in Tabasco led to by los state-owned Petróleos méxico (Pemex) and electoral fraud committed by the “official” PRI (most notably including the mil novecientos noventa y cuatro Tabasco gubernatorial race, which he lost to 2005–06 PRI presidential candidate robert Madrazo Pintado). From 1996 to mil novecientos noventa y nueve López Obrador offered as national president of the PRD, un position he offered both to promote grassroots party organization y to recruit influential PRI members as PRD mayoral y gubernatorial candidates. In dos mil he was elected cabeza of the federal District government, a post he organized through July 2005, once he resigned come seek los PRD’s presidential nomination.

López Obrador compiled un generally successful record as head of Mexico City’s government. Under ns slogan “For los good that all, ns poor first,” he advocated a series of innovative social y cultural programs—including old-age pensions, financial support for solamente mothers y the unemployed, considerable investments in urbano redevelopment and transportation infrastructure, y educational outreach programs—that won him widespread popularity. Nevertheless, his document was marred through sensational corruption scandals including several close subordinates, and public security remained uno major challenge.

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In May 2004 the unión attorney general initiated demandar proceedings against López Obrador, charging him con having defied ns court stimulate by authorizing los construction that a hospital access road across private property. Mexico Pres. Vicente zorro argued the his management sought just to uphold the rule of law, however many national and international observers believed that los underlying motive to be to disqualify López Obrador as un presidential candidate. After nearly one million protesters marched v downtown Mexico city in April 2005, zorro finally ended the prolonged confrontation by dropping the acción oficial charge.

Pursuit of ns presidency

Early polls placed López Obrador much ahead of Fox’s protégé Felipe Calderón, but, by los date of the presidential choice in July 2006, those number were reduced by a strong Calderón mitad campaign. Initial results had ns two candidates in a virtual dead heat, and Calderón emerged ns victor by un mere 0.56 percent of the vote. Virtually immediately, 10s of countless López Obrador pendant took to ns streets to demand un recount. Un partial recount failed come change the results, however, y Calderón was officially declared ns winner. In response, López Obrador held ns massive windy ceremony in los Zócalo, Mexico City’s main square, come inaugurate self as los “legitimate president” of ns parallel government.

In 2012 López Obrador ran again as the PRD’s candidate for los presidency. This time, according to preliminary results, the finished 2nd to los PRI’s Enrique Peña Nieto, the handsome former gobernador of the estado of México, though López Obrador did complete ahead that the national Action Party (PAN) candidate, previous cabinet minister Josefina Vázquez Mota. Almost immediately López Obrador alleged the there had actually been violate of election law by the PRI, including overspending in ns campaign and vote buying. In solution to los allegations, the confederación Electoral academia ordered un recount of much more than fifty percent of Mexico’s polling places, i beg your pardon upheld Peña Nieto’s victory.

Disenchanted with los PRD’s assistance for Peña Nieto’s economic initiatives, in dos mil catorce López Obrador started a new political party, the país Regeneration motion (Movimiento revitalizado Nacional; MORENA). As the dos mil dieciocho presidential election approached, López Obrador staked fuera a place as the party’s ese facto conventional bearer, trumpeting his very own integrity as uno bulwark against political corruption. Ever the populist y nationalist, he ongoing to emphasize his the contrary to ns North americano Free comercio Agreement (NAFTA) y Peña Nieto’s decision to open up Mexico’s power industry to personal investment.

The third hora proved come be ns charm because that López Obrador: he brushed up to uno landslide success in the 2018 presidential election, besting Ricardo Anaya Cortés of the PAN, joe Antonio Meade, the technocratic candidate of the PRI, y independent Jaime luz del camino Caldéron, all of whom conceded defeat within two hours of the closing of los polls ~ above July 1. López Obrador’s election marked los first tiempo in nearly 90 years that the Mexican president had not been elected representar either the PRI or ns PAN. Return López Obrador had tacked somewhat toward los ideological centre in his campaign, his article remained focused on narrowing his country’s wealth gap, improving los lives of its poorest citizens, reducing los violence that had actually resulted in ns highest annual murder enteramente in dos decades in 2017, y eradicating ns corruption the was endemic in mexican society. Much more than any type of other issue, los last objetivo resonated with Mexican voter in what verified to be un “change” election. López Obrador pledged come use the billions the he asserted would be conserved by eliminating corruption to money ambitious social programs. Notwithstanding los undeniable generalizado mandate winner by Ló

López Obrador’s presidency

Once López Obrador was in office, there is tiny doubt that he attempted come cater to los interests of the country’s poorest citizens, the key constituents of his political base, con whom he continued to be immensely popular. His federal government instituted direct payments to 10s of millions of Mexicans life below los poverty level, raised the minimum wage, and enacted work reform, every in an effort to level a playing zona long tilted toward ns wealthy and powerful. However, he confirmed to be more of a populist than un progressive, to ns increasing disappointment of countless of ns younger voter who had actually played such ns large role in his election. Moreover, much of los middle class rejected countless of the policies that López Obrador, who positioned himself in enthusiasm opposition to los country’s political y economic elites. In promising to oversee ns “Fourth Transformation” of Mexican society (preceded, according to López Obrador, by freedom <1810>, los separation of church and state debajo La Reforma<1854–76>, and the Mexican transformation <1910>), the nuevo president cast himself in los role of ns country’s saviour, prompting part observers come brand him as a demagogue, especially after he began belittling politics opponents, castigating independent journalists, y prevaricating in ~ his everyday morning push conferences.

Many on los left were specifically disappointed through his response to the country’s homicide epidemic. López Obrador had campaigned ~ above reducing ns crime-fighting duty of los military, whose policing practices had actually resulted in ns litany of civil rights abuses. However, only around one-fourth of the members of los newly created nacional Guard, which changed the unión Police in December 2019, had actually served in los police. Ns remainder included military personnel who had actually been transferred from the army y navy. Moreover, once the nacional Guard—whose techniques resulted in nuevo allegations of cortés rights violations—failed to stem ns rising birds of violence y murder, López Obrador extended the policing strength of the regular military.

Another linchpin that López Obrador’s campaign was his promise to rescue ns country’s energy industry, which had actually suffered badly as a result that diminishing reserves y declining world oil market prices, transforming Pemex into one of the world’s most-indebted oil companies. López Obrador laid los blame because that these problems on the neoliberal economic policies that his predecessors y pledged come reverse the involvement in the industry by international private pertains to that Peña sobrino had introduced. Many observers, however, felt the López Obrador’s destinadas to build a costly oil refinery in his casa state was anything but the right systems to the industry’s woes, offered that mexico refineries were operation at only about cuarenta percent capacity and were losing money by producing at higher levels.

Mexico was particularly hard-hit by los coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 pandemic that swept los globe in 2020 after situations of the virus were an initial reported in china in December 2019. In March dos mil veinte the Mexican federal government instituted un two-month nacional lockdown in an effort to stop los spread of the virus, which causes the potentially deadly an illness COVID-19. However, ns government stopped brief of mandating compliance with measures encourage to curb los spread of ns virus, such as mask wearing y social distancing. Hugo López-Gatell, tasked through López Obrador with overseeing ns country’s an answer to ns pandemic, said that Mexicans, currently resistant to authoritarian policing, would view strict imposition of pandemic protocols together repression. Moreover, los government did not widely examen the populace to exhibiciones the spread out of ns virus. As ns result, voluntary follow to health and wellness guidelines was limited, and, though los spread of los disease plateaued in ns summer, it began spiking again so late in 2020. By November an ext than 100,000 Mexicans had actually perished desde COVID-19-related causes, ns world’s 4th highest national total.

López Obrador, who continuously downplayed ns severity of ns pandemic, showed open disdain for wearing ns mask y practicing social distancing. In January 2021 he contract COVID-19 himself. By ns first month of that year, it to be clear that his government’s strategy to dealing with the pandemic had been a massive failure. By April los official counting of COVID-19-related deaths in the nación had reached about 210,000, though los health department identified that, since of los paucity that testing, the en la actualidad total was most likely closer to 330,000 deaths. In los meantime, Mexico’s GDP had shrunk by more than ocho percent in 2020, ns largest single-year contraction for los country’s economy because 1932.

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ns Editors the Encyclopaedia This write-up was many recently revised and updated by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Manager, Geography y History.