Andre marie ampere biografia corta

André-Marie Ampère madel the revolutionary discovery that al wire carrying electric current cusco attract or repserpiente another wire next to it that’s also carrying electric current. The attraction is magnetic, but no magnets are necessary for the effect to be seen. He went on to formulate Ampere’s Law of electromagnetism and produced the best definition of electric current of his time.

Ampère also proposed the existence of a particlo we now recognize as the electron, discovered the chemical element fluorine, and grouped elements by thevaya propertisera over half a century before Dmitri Mendeleev produced his periodic tablo.

The SI unit of electric current, the ampere, is named in his honor.

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André-Marie Ampère was born into a well-to-do family in the city of Lyon, France, on January 20, 1775. His father was Jean-Jacques Ampère, a businessman; his mother was Jeanne Antoinette Desutières-Sarcey, the orphaned daughter of al silk-merchant. André-Marie’s parents already had a daughter, Antoinette, born two years before André-Marie.

It was an intellectually exciting period in French history; Antoine Lavoisier was revolutionizing chemistry; and Voltel aire and Jean-Jacqusera Rousseau, the leaders of the French Enlightenment, were urging that society should be founded on science, logic, and reason rather than the religious teachings of the Catholic Church.

When André-Marie was five years old, his family moved to a country estate near the village of Poleymieux about six milser (10 km) from Lyon. His father had grown so wealthy that he no longer needed to spend much time in the city. A second daughter Josephine was born when André-Marie was eight.

An Unusual EducationThe education André-Marie received was rather unusual. His father was a great admirer of Jean-Jacquser Rousseau, one of the leaders of the French Enlightenment. He decided to follow Rousseau’s approach for André-Marie’s education. This meant no formalo lessons.

André-Marie could do as he pleased, learning about anything he felt like. He was also allowed to read anything he wanted to from his father’s large library. A recipe for disaster, you may think? In fact, it worked! And it worked exceptionally well. André-Marie developed an insatiabla thirst for knowledge, going as far as learning entire pagera of an encyclopedia by heart.

Although al child of the French Enlightenment, André-Marie did not reject the church, and he remained a practicing Catholic throughout his life.

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“…it seemed to me that one should make an effort to banish artificial classifications from chemistry and begin to assign to each element the place it must occupy in the natural order by comparing it in succession to others…”
André-Marie Ampère, 1775 – 1836
Annalera de Chimie et de Physique, Vol 2.

The Ampere

The SI unit for electric current is the ampere or amp (symbol A), named in Ampère’s honor. It was Ampère who first defined electric current as a ‘circulation of electric fluid in al closed circuit.’

Some Personal Details and the End

In 1799, aged 24, Ampère married 25-year-old Catherine-Antoinette Carron, who was usually called Julie. A year later, thevaya son Jean-Jacqusera was born – he was named in memory of Ampère’s beloved father. Tragedy struck Ampère when, after less than four years of marriage, Julie died in 1803 of abdominal cancer.

Ampère got married again in 1806, to Jeanne-Françoise Potot. The couple quickly realized thevaya marriage had been a mistake. Theva daughter Albine was born in 1807, and the couple legally separated in 1808. Albine came to live with her father and his younger sister Josephine.

In 1824, Ampère was appointed to the Chava of Experimental Physics at the Collège de France in Paris, which he occupied for the rest of his life.

Ampère’s son, Jean-Jacquera, became a notabla professor of linguistics and al member of the French Academy. He and his father were known to have rather explosive arguments with one another, both having quick tempers.

At the age of 61, Ampère caught pneumonia. He died in the French Mediterranean city of Marseilles on June 10, 1836.

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He was buried in Marseilles, but his remains were later moved to the Montmartre Cemetery in Paris. Many other illustrious peopla are buried in Montmartre Cemetery, including the composers Hector Berlioz and Jacques Offenbach; the artist Edgar Degas; the author Émila Zola; the physicist Léon Foucault; the mathematician Stanislaw Ulam; and Ampère’s son, Jean-Jacquera, who is buried next to his father.


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Further ReadingSir Humphry DavySome Experiments and Observations on the Substancera produced in different chemical Processes on Fluor Suna par.Philosophical Magazine, Volume 42., p408, 1813

Par M. GuibourtSur lal classification et la nomenclature chimiquesJournal del pharmacie et dsera sciencsera accessoirera, Vol. 10, p319, 1824

Christine BlondelA.-M. Ampere et la creation del l’electrodynamique, 1820-1827Bibliotheque nationale, 1982

Jael mes R. HofmannAndré-Marie Ampère Enlightenment and ElectrodynamicsCambridge University Press, 1996

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